Cervical Osteochondrosis: Symptoms

Cervical osteochondrosis belongs to the category of diseases affecting the intervertebral discs. Qualitative changes were observed in the motor part of the spine, which resulted in the destruction of nerve endings in the neck region.

reflex symptoms

Such symptoms are characterized by constriction of the vertebrae during head rotation, which forces the patient to occupy a certain position due to pain. Osteochondrosis causes pain of a pressing nature that spreads to the temporal region. Sometimes patients experience decreased vision.

Stimulation of the nerve connections in the vertebral artery can trigger a syndrome that is often diagnosed as a violation of cerebral circulation, leading to dizziness.

In this case, vigorous movement of the head may also cause dizziness and nausea. Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis also include heart pain syndrome. It behaves like an attack of angina pectoris.


The radicular symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis are usually the result of compression of the spinal cord roots. Violations of the musculoskeletal system or sensitivity directly depend on the nerve endings affected:

  • S1 - leads to impaired sensitivity in the occipital area;
  • S2 - causes pain in the parietal region, which can lead to dizziness;
  • S3 - Decreased sensitivity of the neck and, in addition, the possibility of speaking irregularities;
  • S4 - causes a decrease in sensitivity in the shoulder area, reduces the tone of the neck muscles and induces respiratory failure;
  • S5 - causes pain and violates the sensitivity of the outer part of the shoulder;
  • S6 - causes pain from the neck to the shoulder blade, outside of the shoulder, and even the thumb;
  • S7 - Causes pain that spreads from the neck to the scapula, the back of the shoulder and the fingers II-IV of the hand.
  • S8 - Causes pain, decreased sensitivity from neck to forearm to pinky finger.

Symptoms in each group

Grouping clinical phenomena will help to better understand the symptoms of osteochondrosis. For osteochondrosis, three key groups were observed. The first group determined the presentation of pain, and the second group was manifested in movement disorders.

As for the third group, it was characterized by vascular manifestations. Based on this, it is necessary to consider each type of complications of cervical osteochondrosis in detail.

nervous system

Failure of the distal part of the nervous system can lead to manifestations of cervical osteochondrosis. Painful effects can accompany regular pain in the neck.

The main symptoms include:

  • Muscle pain;
  • joint pain;
  • Chest pain.

In most cases, the onset of pain occurs in the absence of an external stimulus. Painful effects may increase when you try to roll over to the other side, lift your head, or cough. The main area of pain is in the neck.

The pain may appear similar to an electric shock. In addition, the neck muscles are tense and breathing is difficult. As the osteochondrosis progresses, a nonstandard posture develops: the patient's head is tilted slightly to one side.

Cervical spondylosis restricts rotational movement of the head. Rotation of the head is often accompanied by constriction of the vertebrae and noise phenomena, especially if the disease has already begun. Patients often believe that the cause of the painful cramps may be hypothermia in the neck or increased pressure on the cervical spine. Therefore, it is important to understand which symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis cause pain and which aggravate the clinical manifestations of the disease.

Back pain from cervical osteochondrosis


Cervical osteochondrosis often causes the development of sciatica in the cervical spine and shoulder. As a result, the patient complained of pain in the occipital region and upper neck. Sometimes the pain will transfer to the shoulder girdle area.

This usually occurs when the muscles connected to certain nerve endings are tense. The main cause is compression of the nerve endings of the vertebrae.

movement disorder

Osteochondrosis often leads to the development of torticollis. This is the result of spasms in the neck muscles. Manifestations of this disease result in a lack of movement in the cervical spine.

Every attempt to turn the head was accompanied by constriction of the vertebrae and pain in the neck.

Cervical spine radiographs show marked changes in individual vertebrae. Compression of the blood vessel weakens the pulse on the radial artery. Cervical osteochondrosis is often accompanied by whitish fingers.

Another manifestation of cervical osteochondrosis is shoulder pain. Painful cramps usually occur at night. Neck or arm pain, especially when trying to move the arm to the side.

Trying to calm the hands can lead to stiffness in the joints and a posture where the shoulders are pressed against the chest. As a result, neglected cervical osteochondrosis leaves you with your hands up to eye level. The exacerbation phase is usually accompanied by an increase in skin temperature.

Vascular phenomenon

Insufficient blood flow can lead to manifestations of brain disease. The main symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis with vascular manifestations:

  • hypothalamus;
  • drip syndrome;
  • vestibular stem;
  • cochlear stem;
  • throat;
  • Visual impairment.

The first symptom indicates hypothalamic dysfunction and leads to increased fatigue, sleep disturbance. Decreased memory capacity. Known cases of unprovoked manifestations of fear or anxiety. You may also notice decreased libido and frequent urination.

The second symptom is characterized by a state of dizziness, fainting, and loss of consciousness. Attacks often cause weakness and a feeling of weakness in the legs. The third syndrome causes dizziness, nausea, and unsteadiness when walking.

However, dizziness can be the cause of many other disorders. For example, conditions such as vestibular neuritis, migraines, or brain tumors can also cause dizziness.

A fourth symptom is tinnitus or hearing loss. The main symptoms of fifth syndrome are dryness or foreign body sensation in the throat, loss of loudness of the voice and fatigue when talking. The final sign of cervical osteochondrosis is vision loss.

Factors that affect nerve ending compression:

  • Displacement of the intervertebral disc;
  • osteophytes;
  • the formation of vertebral herniation;
  • Changes in disc height.

cervical sternal osteochondrosis

The basis of cervicothoracic osteochondrosis is the destruction of spongy bone tissue. The pathological changes of the spine create conditions for the damage of thoracic nerve endings. The result, for example, is a feeling of electric shock when trying to bend the neck.

Cervical sternal osteochondrosis is accompanied by squeezing and dragging pain in the chest area. Complications can lead to impaired mobility of the elbow and shoulder joints. However, due to the absence of disc trauma conditions in the thoracic region, this pathology rarely results in the formation of a hernia.

Symptoms of cervical sternal osteochondrosis:

  • fatigue;
  • headache, chest pain;
  • blood pressure drop;
  • the fog in front of you;
  • Dizziness;
  • tinnitus;
  • neck (vertebrae) and rib pain;
  • numbness of fingers;
  • Impaired motor coordination.